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Tiredness is the state of being drained and lacking energy. A tired body is sluggish and is unable to work or focus as efficiently as an energetic one.
Many factors may cause tiredness, such as lacking iron or vitamin D, and some lifestyle factors such as unhealthy diet, insufficient physical activity, and excessive alcohol intake. (1)(2) They can be treated with changes in lifestyle factors such as diet and exercise.
This article will discuss some risk factors and causes that lead to tiredness and how it is diagnosed and treated based on severity.
What Are the Causes of Tiredness?
Lifestyle factors include:
Physical illnesses include:
- Nutrient deficiencies (such as deficiencies in vitamin D and iron) (3)
- Anemia (low blood count)
- Hormone-related issues (such as menopause, thyroid issues, and pregnancy) (4)
- Metabolic conditions such as diabetes
- Heart disease
- Low amounts of physical activity
- Decreased levels of androgens (male sex hormones) in males
What Are the Diagnostic Tests for Tiredness?
You may be advised to undergo the following diagnostic tests by your doctor:
- Complete blood count
- Serum electrolyte test
- Liver function test
- Thyroid function tests
- Iron studies
- Complete urine analysis (5)
- Tuberculosis tests
Your doctor may suggest some more tests depending on your symptoms, medical history, and physical condition.
If all your lab reports show normal results, they may diagnose you with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS).
What Is the Treatment for Tiredness?
Treatment is based on the underlying causes of tiredness. Your doctor may prescribe some nutritional supplements and dietary changes to treat any deficiencies.
Fatigue caused by stress or depression may require antidepressants to make you feel better. Sometimes, pain-relieving medications are prescribed to decrease chronic pain, which may be causing tiredness. (6)
When to See a Doctor
Consult a doctor if:
- You have blurred vision.
- You feel dizzy or disoriented.
- You are unable to pee.
- You notice weight gain or swelling.
- You have suicidal or self-harm thoughts.
- You are unable to wake somebody who was fatigued.
Tiredness is a very common complaint. It is usually a symptom of an underlying issue. Chronic fatigue is labeled as TATT – tired all the time.
If fatigue becomes persistent, consult your doctor for further investigation. It might be due to some serious illness.